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What are Micronutrients?

Micronutrients are one of the main groups of nutrients your body needs, (minerals and vitamins). They are smaller in value compared to macronutrients hence the name.

They consist of mineral and vitamins such as:

  • Calcium

  • Folate

  • Iron

  • Zinc

  • Vitamin B

  • Vitamin C

  • Vitamin E

Examples of what they are necessary for:

Minerals - growth, bone health, fluid balance and other processes.

Vitamins - energy production, immune function, blood clotting and other functions.


They are extremely important for your body to function properly. Consuming the right amount is key to optimal health.


We must consume micronutrients from food as the body cannot produce them itself.


• Vitamins = organic compounds

• Minerals = inorganic compounds


Vitamins are made by plants and animals which can be broken down by heat, air or acid.


Minerals exist in soil and water and can’t be broken down.


You consume vitamins and minerals through the food you eat, when animals and plants absorb and consume the vitamins and minerals, they are then transferred to you when you eat them.


It’s best to eat a variety of food as each food contains different amounts of micronutrients.


For optimal health you should have an adequate intake of all micronutrients so they can perform their specific role in your body. Minerals and vitamins are vital for growth, brain development, immune function and much more.


The ideal diet will have plenty of macronutrients and micronutrients.


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