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What is Obesity

What is Obesity?

It is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health.


It is generally caused by eating too many calories and moving too little.

Overconsumption of calories compared to energy expenditure.

Poor diet and a lack of physical activity.


It develops gradually over time, no one becomes obese overnight.

It is a result of continuous decisions of poor diet and lifestyle choices.

Associated risk factors:

  • Heart disease and stroke

  • High blood pressure

  • Diabetes

  • Some cancers

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Gout

Clinical Signs and Symptoms:

Signs include:

  • Increase in weight

  • Excess body fat

  • BMI of 30+

Symptoms include:

  • Difficulty sleeping

  • Back or joint pains

  • Excessive sweating

  • Intolerance to heat

  • Infections in skin folds

  • Fatigue

  • Depression

Impact on lifestyle:

  • Poor mental health

  • Reduced quality of life

  • Daily tasks become harder

  • Random daily pains and aches

Benefits of exercise:

  • Increased total energy expenditure

  • Reduced excess fat

  • Improved mental health

  • Helps protect against chronic disease

  • Lowers blood pressure

  • Lowers risk of heart attack

  • Reduced anxiety and depression

Exercise Guidelines:

Adults should aim to do:

  • Strengthening activities that work major muscle groups

  • At least 150 min of moderate intensity exercise a week or 75 mins of vigorous activity

  • Spread exercise evenly over 4 to 5 days a week

  • Reduce time spent sitting or lying down and break up periods of non activity

Nutritional Guidelines:

5 food groups

  • 40% fruit and veg

  • 38% carbohydrates

  • 12% protein

  • 8% dairy

  • 1% oils and spreads

Aim for 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables a day.

Try to choose lower fat and lower sugar products where possible.

We are seeing an increase year on year of people being/becoming obese, identifying this and putting steps in place to counter it is the start of your journey to a better and healthier life.

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