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What is Obesity

What is Obesity?

It is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health.

Causes:

It is generally caused by eating too many calories and moving too little.

Overconsumption of calories compared to energy expenditure.

Poor diet and a lack of physical activity.


Progression:

It develops gradually over time, no one becomes obese overnight.

It is a result of continuous decisions of poor diet and lifestyle choices.


Associated risk factors:

  • Heart disease and stroke

  • High blood pressure

  • Diabetes

  • Some cancers

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Gout


Clinical Signs and Symptoms:

Signs include:

  • Increase in weight

  • Excess body fat

  • BMI of 30+

Symptoms include:

  • Difficulty sleeping

  • Back or joint pains

  • Excessive sweating

  • Intolerance to heat

  • Infections in skin folds

  • Fatigue

  • Depression


Impact on lifestyle:

  • Poor mental health

  • Reduced quality of life

  • Daily tasks become harder

  • Random daily pains and aches


Benefits of exercise:

  • Increased total energy expenditure

  • Reduced excess fat

  • Improved mental health

  • Helps protect against chronic disease

  • Lowers blood pressure

  • Lowers risk of heart attack

  • Reduced anxiety and depression


Exercise Guidelines:


Adults should aim to do:

  • Strengthening activities that work major muscle groups

  • At least 150 min of moderate intensity exercise a week or 75 mins of vigorous activity

  • Spread exercise evenly over 4 to 5 days a week

  • Reduce time spent sitting or lying down and break up periods of non activity


Nutritional Guidelines:


5 food groups

  • 40% fruit and veg

  • 38% carbohydrates

  • 12% protein

  • 8% dairy

  • 1% oils and spreads

Aim for 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables a day.

Try to choose lower fat and lower sugar products where possible.


We are seeing an increase year on year of people being/becoming obese, identifying this and putting steps in place to counter it is the start of your journey to a better and healthier life.

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